1. Introduction and self-assessment
International migration is the movement of people from one country or region to another. It can be voluntarily chosen, such as when individuals move to find new jobs or educational opportunities, or forced, to escape potential threat or danger. Recent years have witnessed dramatic changes in the patterns of migration. The sudden rise in refugees arriving in Europe from developing countries has led to diverse responses from Europeans - from fear and nationalism to sympathy and unity.
This section of the training module will provide you with enough background knowledge about migration, and especially the movement of refugees, to understand the challenges facing both host communities, and the refugees themselves. It will also try to offer information on a topic frequently subject to exaggeration and misinformation.
To better understand what will be discussed in this section, consider the following questions:
- What are migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers? What do these words really mean?
- What sort of factors might lead an individual or family to leave their home and seek a home in another country, often a long way away?
- What do you think are the main countries in the EU to which refugees are travelling? And from which countries are they leaving?
- In what ways might migrants coming to your country be different from the local population? In what ways might educational expectations, sport, religious practices and cultures be different?