Glossary of Terms

Alienation - those who are not invited into a group instead form a group of their own that remains on the outside. See also exclusion.

Asylum seeker - is someone who claims to be a refugee but whose application has not been evaluated. This person would have applied for asylum because returning to his or her country would lead to persecution, because of race, religion, nationality or political beliefs. Not every asylum seeker will be recognised as a refugee, but every refugee is initially an asylum seeker.

Coping - is the process of adapting to a new life situation by managing difficult circumstances, making an effort to solve problems or seeking to minimise, reduce or tolerate stress or conflict. It’s a broad term that refers to anything people do to adjust to the challenges and demands of stress.

Cultural backpack – a person’s definition of normal, strange, good, bad, right and wrong – all aspects that culture is made of.

Culture - national or religious belonging of one group. Culture also considers ethnicity, education, health, fashion and sport, as well as many other aspects. 

Diversity – when many different types of things or people are included in something.

Exclusion – when people outside of a group are not invited at all. See also alienation.

Foreign-born are those born outside of their country of residence. So, this includes migrants and refugees, and also others who have moved to the new country in the past.

Host communities -  refers to the country of asylum and the local, regional and national governmental, social and economic structures within which refugees live.

Inclusion - is based on the idea that everyone is different and all can contribute positively to society. So, migrant and refugee groups are welcomed into mainstream society because they can add something special and valuable to it.

Integration - assumes there is something different about migrant and refugee groups, and they are accepted into mainstream society on the condition that they adapt and ‘fit in’.

Interculturism - when people of different cultures empathise with others and actively connect with them.

Internationality – relating to or involving two or more nations.

Intersectional - is a theoretical idea and an analytical tool which is used to understand how different norms and power structures together create inequality, discrimination and oppression.

LGBTQ – Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender.

Migrant - is someone who moves, either temporarily or permanently, from one place, area or country of residence to another.

Migration - is the movement of people from one country or region to another. It can be voluntarily chosen, such as when individuals move to find new jobs or educational opportunities, or forced, to escape potential threat or danger.

Norm - is an unwritten rule that most people relate to in one way or another and which assigns power between people. A norm is sometimes referred to as a standard, sets a framework which will include some but exclude others. We might not be aware of the norms in place until someone crosses the line of what is “expected” and wanted.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following a disaster. People who suffer from PTSD often re-live the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged.

Psychosocial dynamic relationship that exists between psychological and social effects, each continually interacting with and influencing the other.

Psychosocial support analyses the psychological and the social aspect of a trauma and is an approach which aims to promote the resilience of individuals, groups and communities in crisis. It includes a broad variety of interventions which promote the resources of individuals, families or groups as well as a community as a whole.

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